Logical reasoning tests are a type of assessment that allows measuring a person’s abilities to analyze, evaluate, and solve complex problems. These tests are used in a wide variety of contexts, from education to industry and business, but one of the most common applications is in the personnel selection process.
In this article, we will explore how to use logical reasoning tests for selection processes and why they are important to identify the best candidates for a position.
What are logical reasoning tests?
Logical reasoning tests, also known as critical thinking tests or cognitive ability tests, are a way of evaluating a person’s ability to analyze and solve problems. These tests use a variety of questions and exercises to measure skills such as verbal reasoning, mathematical reasoning, and reading comprehension.
There are several types of logical reasoning tests, but most focus on evaluating an individual’s ability to:
- Solve complex problems
- Identify patterns and relationships
- Make informed decisions
- Understand and analyze written and verbal information
- Evaluate the validity of arguments and claims
Why are logical reasoning tests important in the selection process?
Logical reasoning tests are important in the selection process for several reasons. First, these tests can help identify candidates who are most capable of solving problems and making informed decisions in a work environment. This is especially important in jobs that require complex decision-making or problem-solving.
In addition, logical reasoning tests can also help identify candidates with superior cognitive abilities. These candidates can be particularly valuable to companies and industries that rely heavily on innovative thinking and creativity.
Another reason why logical reasoning tests are important is that they can help reduce bias and subjectivity in the selection process. Hiring decisions are often based on subjective impressions or personal biases, such as the impression a candidate gives in an interview. Logical reasoning tests can help level the playing field by providing an objective evaluation of candidates’ skills and competencies.
How do logical reasoning tests work?
As mentioned above, a critical thinking test measures a candidate’s reasoning ability by evaluating their ability to:
- Solve syllogisms through deductive reasoning
- Interpret sequences and orderings, and draw solid conclusions
- Evaluate cause and effect relationships
- Recognize assumptions
The test will present a paragraph of information to the candidate, which will contain numerical and textual data. After reading the paragraph, the candidate will be asked to evaluate one or several statements based on the information provided.
The five main sections in this type of test are:
- Argument evaluation
In the assumptions section, a paragraph is provided to the candidate to carefully review and conclude whether something has been assumed.
In the argument evaluation section, candidates are presented with a statement followed by arguments for or against a hypothesis, and they are asked to evaluate the strength of these arguments, determining whether they are strong or weak.
In the deductions section, the candidate is required to analyze a statement along with a list of possible conclusions and determine if the conclusion can be logically deduced from the provided statement.
In the inferences section, candidates are presented with a statement along with a list of possible conclusions, and they are asked to determine whether the conclusions are true, false, probably true, probably false, or if a conclusion cannot be reached with the provided information.
Finally, in the interpretation section, the candidate must evaluate a conclusion based on the information provided in a statement and decide whether that conclusion is logically deduced from the provided data.
How to use logical reasoning tests in the selection process.
Below are some tips on how to use logical reasoning tests in the selection process:
- Identify the key skills necessary for the job
Before selecting a logical reasoning test, it is important to identify the key skills necessary for the job. This may include skills such as mathematical reasoning, verbal reasoning, or the ability to comprehend and analyze written information. By identifying the key skills necessary for the job, you can select the appropriate test to measure those skills.
- Select an appropriate logical reasoning test
There are several logical reasoning tests available in the market, each designed to evaluate different cognitive skills. Some of the most common tests include:
- Abstract reasoning test: This test evaluates an individual’s ability to identify abstract patterns and relationships.
- Numerical reasoning test: This test evaluates an individual’s ability to work with numbers and perform complex mathematical calculations.
- Verbal reasoning test: This test evaluates an individual’s ability to understand and analyze written and verbal information.
- Prepare the candidate for the test
It is important that the candidate feels comfortable and confident when taking the logical reasoning test. One way to achieve this is by providing them with information beforehand about the format and content of the test. It is also important to ensure that the candidate has enough time to prepare for the test and feels relaxed when taking it.
- Evaluate the test results
Once the candidate has completed the test, it is important to carefully evaluate the results. This involves reviewing the candidate’s answers and comparing them to the evaluation criteria of the test. If multiple logical reasoning tests have been selected, it is important to evaluate the results of each test separately and compare them to the key skills necessary for the job.
- Use the test results to make informed decisions
The results of logical reasoning tests should be used to make informed decisions about candidate selection. The results can provide insight into a candidate’s skills and abilities, allowing employers to evaluate whether the candidate is suitable for the job. The test results can also be used to identify areas where a candidate may need improvement and to develop a personalized training plan for the employee.
In summary, logical reasoning tests can be a valuable tool for companies and organizations looking to hire highly skilled personnel with critical thinking skills. These tests can help identify candidates with analytical and problem-solving skills who are capable of making informed and effective decisions. Additionally, these tests can also be useful for professional and personal development, as they can help individuals improve their reasoning and decision-making abilities. Overall, critical thinking tests are a valuable tool for anyone interested in improving their logical reasoning skills.